This is a question all cultures seem to have shared in the past. It covers both the problem of what was the point of origin of a particular group – how and when they arrived at their present location, and the perhaps more philosophical problem of how did the human race emerge or evolve. .It is the more long-term question of human origins we will look at.
In most traditions there is the common factor of a “creator god,, gods, spirit” responsible for the existence of the world and its inhabitants. There are common factors world-wide in these attempts to explain origins. For one thing we seem as humans to have fallen short of the creator’s expectations. Surprise surprise! In the Old Testament Eve and Cain stand out in this respect. In the Maya tradition the creator found the physical materials – such as mud – were not suitable for the job and a re-make had to take place. Even then all was not well and for one thing the humans made too much noise, and irritated the gods, leading to their own destruction by flood. This method of mass-destruction appears in the Old Testament as well as in many accounts world-wide, including Noah’s Flood and the Greek legend of Deucalion and Pyrrha. In fact flood stories abound world-wide and are borne out by such experts as archaeologists. It is not beyond the bounds of possibility that post the last Ice Age episodes could have remained intact in human memory as part of traditional folk lore. In the case of Creation myths of course we are in different territory, and such traditions must be classified as attempts to find a logical explanation for our existence. However, flood myths and accounts of the arrival of the “first settlers” can have a strong factual foundation.
An interesting aspect of many myths is that they tended to be be rejected by scientists, historians, and related experts as yarns to keep the children (and their parents) entertained on long winter nights.. In more recent times, particularly since what one might call “the DNA Revolution”origins of races in many areas have been proved to be in line with traditional tales. Unfortunately our remote ancestors were often lacking in knowledge of correct time sequences, the need to be accurate about names of people and places, the need for accurate statistics – all those boring details which get in the way of a good yarn! So much work has to be done in reconciling accounts. It can be surprising how today’s scientific accounts can be corroborated in ancient tradition. For example in the Irish “Book of the Invasions” accounts are given of the coming of sheep-rearing, the drainage of marshes for agriculture, and other processes now classified by scholars sine the 19th. century.
The probable location of the Garden of Eden has been defined as in Mesopotamia (Iraq). In more recent years the Garden of Eden has acquired a rival in East Africa as the point of origin of Homo Sapiens. For the last few years it has been proposed that modern man emerged from East Africa to spread over the world, over a long period and in fits and starts. More recently the “Out of Africa” theory has been called into question. Personally I have found it hard to accept that the very different racial groups on the various continents could have had a common origin – my own preference would have been for separate development/evolution in each area of the world. But then I am a complete amateur in such matters. One curious thing is that a good deal of the proposed movement out of East Africa would appear to have taken place in the last Ice Age. One would have thought that people living in a warm region would have been inclined to”stay put” rather than moving North? Of course factors such as drought would have caused movement – but with such far-reaching consequences?